EXERCISE 1

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EXERCISE: Using all you know about prefixes, suffixes, and roots, guess the meaning of each of the underlined words from their context. Write the letter of the  ...

LESSON 6 In this lesson, you will study two groups of prefixes: 1) time/order and 2) degree/size. Look at the following chart.

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1.- pre2.- post3.- re-

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before pre-war post-war after again, back rebuild replace

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4.- super- above superhuman more than 5. over- too much overeat

EXERCISE: In the sentences below complete each word with a prefix chosen from the following list. You may use your dictionary. repre1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

postsuper-

over-

We hope the bus won’t be crowded. Do you think the Mayor will be elected for a second time? After he got a Ph.D. in Chemistry, he did doctoral work at Oxford University. He took cautions against burglary by installing an alarm. The tourist guide promised the tourists that they would get a fund if they did not like the trip. 6. He added a script at the end of the letter. 7. The sonic plane flies from New York to Paris in two hours and forty minutes. DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

LESSON 7 Here are five more suffixes: -tion(-ation, -ition), -ment, -ance(ence), -al and -age. Look at the examples in the table below. They are all nouns. They have all been formed from verbs. /0$$%&

1.- -tion (-ation) (-ition) 2.- -ment 3.- -ance (-ence) 4.- -al 5. -age

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creation fixation demolition state, action arrangement assistance difference refusal action extent, amount coverage

EXERCISE 1: Look at the above examples again. Give the verbs from which these nouns have been formed. You may use the dictionary. VERB 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

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create

NOUN creation fixation demolition arrangement assistance difference refusal coverage

EXERCISE 2: Complete the meanings of these sentences by using the correct form (noun or verb) of the words in parentheses. (arrive) (move) (negotiation) (package) (destine) (conference)

1. Have they told you of their arrival date? 2. Kasem says he believes in progress, and it is for this reason that he recently joined the progressive __________. 3. The police have __________ with the hijackers for hours. 4. Have you __________ the dried foodstuff yet? 5. The __________ of the hi-jacked plane is still uncertain. 6. The participants will __________ with the minister.

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LESSON 8 รากศัพท (roots) มักจะมี prefixes นําหนา หรือไมก็มี suffixes ตามหลัง roots สวนมากมาจากภาษากรีกและลาติน ถานิสิตรูความหมายของ roots ก็จะสามารถวิเคราะหความ หมายของศัพทใหม ๆ ได โดยไมตอ งเปดพจนานุกรม บทนี้นิสิตจะเรียนความหมายของรากศัพท 3 ตัวคือ -cred-, -vis(e)- และ– สังเกตความหมายของ roots, prefixes และ suffixes ที่เติมแตละคําใน scribe- (script-) แผนผังขางลางนี้ 1223

1. -cred2. -vis(e)3. -scribe(script)

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believe see write

credible television transcribe

EXERCISE: Using all you know about prefixes, suffixes, and roots, guess the meaning of each of the underlined words from their context. Write the letter of the best answer. 1. Credulous people will accept all the promises of the politicians. a.- with low education b.- well-planned c.- stupid and selfish d.- ready to believe things

2. What they did was incredible. a.- unbelievable b.- very interesting c.- quite understandable d.- much impressed

3. We inscribe a tomb with a name. a.- write words on b.- carefully paint c.- build up d.- usually remember

4. Take this prescription to the drug store. a.- announcement b.- diagram c.- written order d.- result 6. The manager appointed one person to supervise his workers. a.- invite b.- pay c.- improve d.- observe

5. Pilots must have perfect vision before they may obtain a license. a.- training b.- health c.- sight d.- ability DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

LESSON 9 In this lesson, you will study three more roots: Look at the chart below.

-dict-,

-gress-

1223

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1.- -dict2.- -gress3.- -ject-

say, speak move, step throw, put

diction progressive inject

and

-ject-.

EXERCISE: Make words by combining the prefixes listed in Column A with the roots in Column B, and use these words in completing the following sentences. The meaning given in parentheses will help you get the right word. Column A preproree(x)-

Column B -dict-gress-ject-

1.- The teacher marked the pupil’s (advance) on a chart. 2.- The architect was very disappointed that his new city plan had been ed. (turned down) 3.- Please (cause a picture to appear on the screen) the picture on the screen so that everyone can see it. 4.- The fortune teller ed (told in advance) that there would be an earthquake. DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

5.- The pilot ed (removed) himself from his falling jet-fighter. 6.- The quality of their work has gradually ed. (returned to an earlier state) 7.- The prisoners were pardoned by a royal . (order given by a ruler)

LESSON 10 Now you will learn five more prefixes: Look at the following chart. !"#$%&

1.2.3.4.5.-

undedismismal-

un-,

de-,

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reverse the action wrongly badly, bad

dis-,

mis-

and

mal-.

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unpack decode disconnect misinform maltreat

EXERCISE: Write the opposite meanings of the underlined words in the blanks provided. Study the chart before doing this exercise. Be sure to use your dictionary if you need help.

1. The proposal for the new bridge is acceptable.

unacceptable

2. 3. 4. 5.

The discussion ended up with most people in agreement. You have spelled too many words. The phone company will connect your telephone soon. Due to the deaths of several patients, a lawyer was sent to investigate the doctor’s practice. 6. The author was angry because he was quoted in the newspaper. 7. The province was populated after the war. DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

LESSON 11 This lesson focuses on the suffixes that change adjectives and nouns to abstract nouns. Look at the chart below. /0$$%&

Adj.

I

N

II

Ab. N Ab. N

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1.--ness 2.--ity 3.- -hood 4.- -ship 5.- -dom

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meanness

state, quality status status, condition domain, condition

legality childhood friendship kingdom

EXERCISE: Fill in each blank with the correct form of one of the words taken from the list below. Be careful. There are more words than blanks. child similar responsible

happy member possible

Those two boys look alike and act alike. The 1.

kind friend is amazing.

If you need to have something done, call on Edie. She never refuses to take on the job. She has a great sense of 2. . Due to the teacher’s 3. examination.

the students took an outing instead of an

They have been friends for a long time. Their 4. 5. .

began during their

I’m not sure how many people belong to this club. I think the 6. must be about three hundred baht.

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fee

LESSON 12 In this lesson, you will study four more common roots: -form-, -port-, and -mit- (-miss-). These roots will help you guess the meaning of new words. 1223

1.2.3.4.-

-form-port-spect-mit-(-miss-)

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form, shape carry look send

reform portable prospective transmitter

spect-

EXERCISE: Select the most suitable answer. suspects emits

informed conform

transportation submitted

formative inspected

imported dismissed

1.- In order to promote the sale of Thai cigarettes, the government has banned those _______________ from other countries. 2.- The servant was _______________ for being dishonest. 3.- Have you _______________ them of your intended departure? 4.- He _______________ the notes and found that they were forgeries. 5.- A volcano _______________ smoke and ashes. 6.- My car is being repaired so I am without _______________. 7.- You should _______________ to the rules. 8.- All the _______________ were taken to jail for questioning about the murder. 9.- All papers must be _______________ no later than Friday. 10.-Psychologists today say that the _______________ years of a child are from birth to age 5.

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LESSON 13 So far 10 roots have been presented. This lesson will present three more roots: -flect-, -tract- and -tend-. Study the chart and notice the meaning of each root. 1223

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1.- -flect(-flex-)

bend

deflect flexor

2.- -tract-

draw, pull

tractor

3.- -tend(-tens-)

stretch

extend extension

EXERCISE: To do this puzzle correctly, you will need some but not all of these words. Use one word only for each answer. Do not use any word more than once. You are allowed to use your dictionary. distract tractable retracted

extend tenseness extensive

ACROSS: 1. Julie cleaned the oak table so well that she could see her own __________ in it. 2. Do not take his mind off his work. Do not __________ him. 3. Professor Jones is like an encyclopedia; his knowledge is very __________.

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inflexible reflection DOWN: 4. I will have to __________ my leave of absence. 5. The tortoise __________ its head by withdrawing it into its shell. 6. The schedule for the trip is __________ because the hotel reservation cannot be cancelled or changed.

5 6 1

4

2 3

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LESSON 14 -ify,

In this lesson, you will study two prefixes: -ize and -en. !"#$%&

be-,

en-(em-)

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and three suffixes:

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1.- be-

complete around about away cover with

bewitch becalm

2.- en(em-)

make into put into get into

endanger empower

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falsify

1.- -ify cause to become

modernize

2.- -ize make

sadden

3. -en become EXERCISE 1: Write either be- or 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

en-

to complete the meaning of the sentences.

The man wanted to large his only daughter’s picture. People who come into contact with her are deviled. He felt couraged by the progress he made. She decks herself with jewels. I have listed him in this enterprise.

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EXERCISE 2: Complete the following sentences by changing the adjectives or nouns in italics into verbs by using -ify, -ize or -en. 1.- Your explanation is too difficult for me to understand. Can you __________ it a little? simple

2.- The runway is too short to take the planes. They are making plans to ___________ it. length

3.- Most people seem to think it would be a good idea to __________ units of weights and measurements throughout the world. standard

4.- That water is not pure enough to drink. It will have to be __________ before it can be used. pure

5.- The government says it is spending too much money, and that ways must be found to __________. economy

DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

LESSON 15 multi-

This lesson focuses on number prefixes: uni-, and poly-. Look at the chart below. !"#$%&

1.- unimono2.- bi3.- tri4.- multipoly-

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one two three many

mono-,

bi-,

di-,

tri-,

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uniform monotone bilingual tricolor multi-racial polyclinic

EXERCISE: Complete the following sentences with the correct number prefixes: uni-, mono-, bi-, tri-, multi- and poly-. The pictures will help you select the appropriate prefixes. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

“Juxtaposition” and “metamorphosis” are examples of syllabic words. In Thailand we need -storied car parks to accommodate all the cars. A“ corn”, a horse-like animal with one long horn, is the symbol of Wales. Because of the energy crisis, cycles are becoming increasingly popular. Nowadays cycles are still popular with small children. One of the fastest means of transportation in Japan is the rail.

DISK: VOCABULARY SKILLS FILE: FE I.B2

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